Introduction to the Kabbalah/Introducción a la Cábala

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In Provence and Navarre, Spain, toward the end of the twelfth century and in Castile, a bit later, The Kabbalah (The Received Tradition,) the Jewish system of visionary thinking, was conceived, debated and always hidden from view. Through the study of the ancient Hebrew texts such as the Sefer Bahir (the Book of Illumination,) the Sefer Yetsirah (The Book of Creation) and many other treatises, these early Kabbalists commented on the characteristics of God, (among these are: Hod (Splendor) and the balanced forces of Hesed (Love) y Din (Judgment) creation and the cosmos.  Their speculations culminated in the Zohar (The Book of Splendor,) an enormous and multi-layered commentary on the Tanach, The Five Books of Moses. Most of the Zohar was written in the thirteenth century by Moisés de León, a Spanish Jew who purported to have translated the work from ancient Aramaic.

Roughly fifty years after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492, in Safed, Eretz Yisroel, Rabbi Yitzhak Luria, also known by his acronym HaAri orThe Lion, revolutionized the Kabbalistic understanding of the creation of material world, the nature of evil, the ability of man to repair the world, exile, redemption, the Messiah and also the relationships among these themes. Luria did not write down his ideas, he stated them. Chaim Vital, was the most important transcriber of Luria’s Kabbalistic talks, but others also took notes, and the emphasis put on each of Luria’s central ideas varies greatly among them.

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Comenzando a fines del siglo doce en Provenza, Navarra, España y un poco más tarde en Castilia, el sistema de pensamiento visionario, La Cábala (La tradición recibida) fue concibida , debatida y casi siembre ocultada. Por el estudio del Sefer Bahir , Sefer Yetsirá (el Libro de Esplendor)  y muchos otros tratados, esos cabalistas tempranos comentaban sobre las características de Dios, la creación y el cosmos. Estas especulaciones colminaron en El Zohar (El Libro de Esplendor,) un enorme y de multilayer comentario sobre el Tanach, los cinco libros de Moisés. En gran parte, El Zohar fue escrito por Moisés de León, un judío español.

En Sefat, Eretz Yisrael, unos cinquenta años después de la expulsión de los judíos de Espańa en 1492, el Rabino Yitzhak Luria, concocido también por su acrónimo HaAri, o el León, revolucionó el entendimiento cabalístico de la creación del mundo material, la naturaleza del mal, el remeniendo del mundo, el exilio, la redención, el Mesías y la relación entre ellos. Luria no escribió sobre sus conceptos.us estudiantes, Chaim Vital, en particular, transcribieron sus charlas. Por eso, hay variantes en el enfoque sobre unas de sus ideas centrales.

 

Steve Sadow

 

 

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